Leslie Linguo

ESL Grammar Course

...to help you in your conversations with Leslie Linguo
Using Verb Forms
In unit 14 we studied verb forms. In this unit we will study WHEN to use the different verb forms.

In the present tense (except for 3rd person singular) we use the base form.

For example;
We LIVE near you.
HAVE you got a car?

We also use the base form AFTER auxiliary verbs, and after modal verbs.

For example;
He doesn't LIKE English.
Did she WIN the competition?
My mother can SPEAK French.
Should I GO?

We also use the base form in the imperative.

For example;
STOP talking!
HAVE a seat!

As we saw in unit 2, the third person singular form of the verb is used with HE, SHE or IT, and ONLY in the present simple.

For example;
He LIVES near me.
HAS he got a car?
DOES he live there now?"

The verbs TO BE and TO HAVE are irregular (IS and HAS).

We use the past simple to talk about something that happened in the past if we know WHEN it happened.

For example;
They INTRODUCED him to me at the party last saturday but when I SAW him yesterday I COULD not remember his name.

We also use the past simple when the time frame is implied.

For example;
Charlie Chaplin MADE over 100 films (while he was alive).

We will study this further in unit 21 about the past simple.

We use the participle with HAVE, HAS or HAD. With ALL regular verbs, and quite a few irregular verbs too, the participle is the same as the past simple form of the verb.

The participle is most often used in the present perfect tense and the past perfect tense.

Examples include:
I HAVE BEEN to Lisbon twice.
I went to the park after I HAD FINISHED my homework.

We also use the participle in passive formations.

For example;
The window was BROKEN last night during the storm.

We will study the passive in more detail in unit 43.

Finally, the GERUND, or -ING form of the verb, is used in CONTINUOUS FORMATIONS such as

He IS LIVING in Paris.
She HAS BEEN SWIMMING in the sea.

We will study this more in unit 22 (present continuous), unit 23 (past continuous) and unit 24 (present perfect).

The GERUND can also be used as a noun.

For example;
SMOKING is bad for you.
LIVING here is nice.

We will study verbal nouns more in unit 48.
The Basic Sentence
Unit 1: The Basic Sentence
Unit 2: The Subject
Unit 3: The Verb
Unit 4: Subject and Verb
Unit 5: Negative Sentences
Unit 6: Short Forms
Unit 7: Word Order
Unit 8: Question Words
Unit 9: Making Questions
Unit 10: Subject Questions
Unit 11: Short Answers
Unit 12: Question Tags
Unit 13: Indirect Questions
Unit 14: Verb Forms
Unit 15: Using Verb Forms
Unit 16: The Verb to Be
Unit 17: Auxiliary Verbs
Unit 18: The Imperative
Unit 19: Present Simple Formation
Unit 20: Using the Present Simple
Unit 21: The Past Simple
Unit 22: The Present Continuous
Unit 23: The Past Continuous
Unit 24: Present Perfect Formation
Unit 25: Using the Present Perfect
Unit 26: The Past Perfect
Unit 27: Modal Verbs
Unit 28: The modal verb CAN
Unit 29: The modal verb COULD
Unit 30: The modal verbs MAY and MIGHT
Unit 31: The modal verbs WILL and SHALL
Unit 32: The modal verb WOULD
Unit 33: The modal verbs MUST and SHOULD
Unit 35: Necessity and Advice
Unit 37: GOING TO
Unit 38: USED TO
Unit 39: Verbs and Present Time
Unit 40: Verbs and Past Time
Unit 41: Verbs and Future Time
The Passive
Unit 42: Passive Sentences
Unit 43: Passive Verb Formations
Unit 44: Using the Passive
The Noun Phrase
Unit 45: Nouns and Noun Phrases
Unit 46: Plurals of Unit Nouns
Unit 47: Mass Nouns
Unit 48: Proper Nouns and Verbal Nouns
Unit 49: Genetive
Unit 50: Personal Pronouns
Unit 51: A, AN, SOME and ANY
Unit 52: THE
Unit 53: Nouns without A or THE
Unit 54: The Correct Article
Unit 56: Mass and Unit in Sentences
Unit 57: Quantity
Unit 59: ONE
Unit 60: Relative Clauses
Types of Sentences
Unit 61: Empty Subjects
Unit 62: Simple Sentence Types
Unit 63: Complex Sentence Types
Adjectives and Adverbs
Unit 64: Adjectives and Adverbs
Unit 65: Position of Adjectives
Unit 66: Position of Adverbs
Unit 67: Some Important Adverbs
Unit 68: Forms for Comparison
Unit 69: Comparing Two
Unit 70: Comparing Three or More
Unit 71: Adverbs of Time
Unit 72: Prepositions of time
Unit 73: How Often?
Unit 74: In the World
Unit 75: In a Town
Unit 76: Outdoors
Unit 77: Indoors
Unit 78: In a Room
Unit 79: Objects and People
How and Why?
Unit 80: How?
Unit 81: Purpose and Use
Unit 82: Reason and Consequence
Connecting Ideas
Unit 83: Similar Ideas
Unit 84: Opposite Ideas
Unit 85: Sequence of Events
Unit 86: Conditions