Leslie Linguo

ESL Grammar Course

...to help you in your conversations with Leslie Linguo
The Modal Verbs Will and Shall
WILL and SHALL are modal verbs we saw how to make correct sentences with modal verbs. In this unit we will see WHEN you can use them.

Firstly, notice that we use SHALL only for 1st person (I and WE). 'LL is the short or contracted form for both verbs.

WILL and SHALL are usually used to make a prediction about the future.

EXAMPLES:
We SHALL all DIE one day.
Do you think it WILL RAIN tomorrow?
Don't phone now! They'LL probably BE HAVING lunch. They usually have lunch at this time.
By this time tomorrow, I'LL HAVE FINISHED all my exams.

We also use going to, the present simple and the present continuous to express the future. In unit 41 we will see the differences between these tenses.

We can also use WILL and SHALL to offer and ask for help.

Wait a minute and I'LL CALL him for you.
If you think it's a good idea, I'LL PHONE him.
SHALL I HELP you with that?

NOTICE that we use SHALL only in questions when offering help.

WILL you POST this for me?
What SHALL I SAY to her?

NOTICE that we also use CAN, WOULD and COULD to offer and ask for help more politely.

Finally, WILL and SHALL are also used for REFUSING:

The car WON'T START. (that is to say, it refuses to start)
He WON'T TELL me the answer. (that is to say, he refuses to tell me)

Also for making PROMISES and THREATS:

We SHALL never FORGET your kindness.
I'LL KILL you if you do that again.

And for MAKING DECISIONS:

I think I'LL VISIT my parents this weekend.
You look tired, I'LL HELP you with your luggage.
Contents
The Basic Sentence
Unit 1: The Basic Sentence
Unit 2: The Subject
Unit 3: The Verb
Unit 4: Subject and Verb
Unit 5: Negative Sentences
Unit 6: Short Forms
Unit 7: Word Order
Questions
Unit 8: Question Words
Unit 9: Making Questions
Unit 10: Subject Questions
Unit 11: Short Answers
Unit 12: Question Tags
Unit 13: Indirect Questions
Verbs
Unit 14: Verb Forms
Unit 15: Using Verb Forms
Unit 16: The Verb to Be
Unit 17: Auxiliary Verbs
Unit 18: The Imperative
Unit 19: Present Simple Formation
Unit 20: Using the Present Simple
Unit 21: The Past Simple
Unit 22: The Present Continuous
Unit 23: The Past Continuous
Unit 24: Present Perfect Formation
Unit 25: Using the Present Perfect
Unit 26: The Past Perfect
Unit 27: Modal Verbs
Unit 28: The modal verb CAN
Unit 29: The modal verb COULD
Unit 30: The modal verbs MAY and MIGHT
Unit 31: The modal verbs WILL and SHALL
Unit 32: The modal verb WOULD
Unit 33: The modal verbs MUST and SHOULD
Unit 34: HAVE TO, NEED TO and NEEDN'T
Unit 35: Necessity and Advice
Unit 36: BE ABLE, OUGHT, HAVE GOT TO and HAD BETTER
Unit 37: GOING TO
Unit 38: USED TO
Unit 39: Verbs and Present Time
Unit 40: Verbs and Past Time
Unit 41: Verbs and Future Time
The Passive
Unit 42: Passive Sentences
Unit 43: Passive Verb Formations
Unit 44: Using the Passive
The Noun Phrase
Unit 45: Nouns and Noun Phrases
Unit 46: Plurals of Unit Nouns
Unit 47: Mass Nouns
Unit 48: Proper Nouns and Verbal Nouns
Unit 49: Genetive
Unit 50: Personal Pronouns
Unit 51: A, AN, SOME and ANY
Unit 52: THE
Unit 53: Nouns without A or THE
Unit 54: The Correct Article
Unit 55: THIS, THAT, THESE and THOSE
Unit 56: Mass and Unit in Sentences
Unit 57: Quantity
Unit 58: BOTH, EITHER and NEITHER
Unit 59: ONE
Unit 60: Relative Clauses
Types of Sentences
Unit 61: Empty Subjects
Unit 62: Simple Sentence Types
Unit 63: Complex Sentence Types
Adjectives and Adverbs
Unit 64: Adjectives and Adverbs
Unit 65: Position of Adjectives
Unit 66: Position of Adverbs
Unit 67: Some Important Adverbs
Comparison
Unit 68: Forms for Comparison
Unit 69: Comparing Two
Unit 70: Comparing Three or More
When?
Unit 71: Adverbs of Time
Unit 72: Prepositions of time
Unit 73: How Often?
Prepositions
Unit 74: In the World
Unit 75: In a Town
Unit 76: Outdoors
Unit 77: Indoors
Unit 78: In a Room
Unit 79: Objects and People
How and Why?
Unit 80: How?
Unit 81: Purpose and Use
Unit 82: Reason and Consequence
Connecting Ideas
Unit 83: Similar Ideas
Unit 84: Opposite Ideas
Unit 85: Sequence of Events
Unit 86: Conditions